1st Set

Question Answer
Vestigial Structures Bones that don't have much use… Coccyx , Appendix
Anatomy Structures that are built fundamentally the same way but have wide differences
Endemic Species Forms only known from a restricted geographic area
Heresy opinion/ doctrine at a varaiance with orthodox accepted doctrine, especially of a Church or Religious system
Paleontology study of ancient animals & plants
Theory Well tested hypothesis
Natural Philosophy (Method) how science works… The study of nature and the physical universe before the advent of modern science.
Renassance Rebirth
Axioms Simple self-evident statements, that are beyond dispute
Philosophy "Love of Knowledge"
Ancient Rome Better medicine than greeks
Maintain their army and better medical care
Better roads/ engineering
Catholic church is the only one who can read
Egyptian Mythology (Dung)Scarab beetle pushes up the sun
Christopher Columbus Idea that the world was round

Helped by the Phillip&Isabella after war

Arabic (Islamic People)
Invent the numeric system we use today
Aristotle (Eratosthenes) Sphere Earth
Tilted 23.5 degrees axis with seasons
Mayan Mayan calendar Dec.12.2013

Planet Nibiru will collide w/earth

Galileo Venus , moon phases – Loved books and literacy
Garbage in Garbage out
Reiscovery of classic works
Natural Philosophy!!!!
hypothesis and axioms
Falling bodies – water clocks and air resistance
Sir Francis Bacon The rise of science
theater of the mind
Observer can bring things to the observations that distort the results if not careful
Phillip & Isabella Helped Christopher columbus
Council told them that the ship would not make it
Roman Inquisition Court to stop Heresy
Put Galileo under house arrest
Copernicus Helped Galileo
Everything rotates around the sun
Lazzaru Spallanzani Work w/ microorganisms
Killed Microorganism by boiling them in broth
Open jar organisms
Closed jar none
The french academy of sciences Biogenesis(louis pasteur) vs Abiogensis(Felix Pouchet)
normal vs abnormal reproduction of life

Francesco Redi Shows that maggots don't arise from rotten meat open jar experiment
Georges de Buffon Pioneered in Biogeography
Dispersal Problem center of creation( endemic species)
Carolus Linnaeus Binomial system of nomenclature (classified in the 7 layers)
7 Layers of Classified Organisms 1.Species
2.Genus
3.Family
4.Order
5.Class
6.Phylum
7.Kingdom
Paul Broca Women are less intelligent, filling brain with sand to measure smarts
Josiah Wedgewood II Charles Darwins Brother in law
Gave Charles the money to go on voyage
Dr. Robert Darwin Rich
Didn't loan $ to Charles to voyage around the world
Jean- Baptiste Lamarch Evolution Proposals
No time to evolve
No viable mechanism for evolution
Captain Robert Fitzroy RN (Royal Navy) H.M.S. Beagle , sailed Charles around the world
Rev JS Henslow Cambridge professor into botany
Let Darwin sail w/ Fitzroy
George Cuvier -Anatomy
-Paleontology
-extinction
-Catastrophism
oldest rocks at bottom, young at top
Adam Hebrew : Man
Named all the species in the same area
Charles Robert Darwin Edwinburg, Medicine,

Cambridge , theology only degree he earned

Met REV JS and sailed with Fitz NS

Emma Josiah Wedgwood II's daughter and Charles best friend
Fuegian Tribal Group pop-3-5000
today none
Met darwin and captian

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