Anatomical/Physiological Terminology

Term Meaning
abdominal pertaining to the abdomen
adipose relating to fat
adrenal relating ti adrenal glands; near kidneys
alimentary pertaining to food or nutrition
(Alimentary canal)
anal pertaining to the region on the anus
aortic pertaining to the aorta
(largest artery)
Appendicular pertaining to the arms and/or legs
arterial relating to the arteries or the blood in them
articulation the joint or juncture of two or more parts
aspiration the act of breathing; withdrawing body fluid
autonomic occurring involuntarily
axial trunk and skull
bowel division of the intestine
bronchial pertaining to the air tubes of the lungs
capillary smallest blood vessels
cardiac pertaining to the heart
cerebral relating to the brain, and the cerebrum in particular
cervical pertaining to the neck or cervix
cilia small hairlike structures
cloaca urogenital passage of birds
coccygeal tail area
collateral secondary or accessory
colon part of the large intestine
copulatory relating to sexual intercourse
coronary regarding the heart
cranial regarding the skull
cutaneous relating to the skin
deciduous falling out at the end of a stage or season; first set of teeth
dental relating to teeth or dentistry
diaphragmatic regarding the diaphragm
diastolic regarding the dilation of the heart cavities
digital pertaining to fingers or toes
duodenal pertaining to the duodenum
enzyme protein that causes biochemical reaction
epidermal relating to the outer layer of skin
epithelial pertaining to the outer protective tissue of the body
esophagus tubular food passage between the neck and the stomach
excretory relating to the discharge of waste
exocrine external secretion of a gland
extremities terminal portions: arms, legs, feet, hands
fecal relating to feces
(stool or excrement)
genetic relation to biological heredity
genital pertaining to the reproductive organs
hormonal relating to hormones
intestinal pertaining to the large or small intestine
larynx upper part of the trachea
lumbar pertaining to the lower back
metabolic relating to metabolism
mucous secreting mucus
mucus slippery secretion of mucous membranes
neural pertaining ti the walls of a cavity
olfactory relating to the sense of smell
ovarian relating to an ovary
parietal pertaining to the walls of the cavity
patellar relating to the patella
pectoral pertaining to the breast or chest
pelvic relating to or near the pelvis
phalanges bones of the digits
(fingers and toes)
pharynx upper part of the alimentary canal
prostate relating to the prostate gland
pulmonary pertaining to the lungs
rectal relating to the rectum
renal relating to the kidneys
sacral pertaining to the sacrum (bone)
salivary relating to saliva or glands that secrete it
sexual pertaining to the reproductive act or process
spermatic relating to sperm
sphincter muscle controlling size of a body opening
spinal concerning the spine or spinal cord
systolic regarding the contraction of the heart
thoracic pertaining to the thorax
(chest area)
trachea tubular air passage in throat
urogenital pertaining to the urinary and genital organs
venous relating to veins
vertebral relating to vertebrae
vestigial imperfectly developed or nonfunctional organ
visceral organs within the abdominal and thoracic cavities

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