Ch 3

Question Answer
which branch of circulation serves the heart coronary
a group of tissues specifically arranged to perform a definite function for the body is a organ
What is the largest lymphatic organ spleen
which structure exchanges oxygen and nutrients between the blood of an unborn child and his mother placenta
which dome shaped muscle aids in breathing diaphragm
what is tissue fluid called after it enters the lymphatic vessels lymph
bones in joints are connected by ligaments
what is the first section of the small intestine duodenum
what is the scientific name for the windpipe trachea
the largest internal organ in the body is the liver
What substance covers the crown of a tooth enamel
Bile is produced by which organ liver
Hairlike tubes in the small intestine that absorb nutrients are called villi
the joints in the shoulders and hips are examples of what type of joint ball and socket
what is the primary pigment that causes skin color melanin
what structure controls simple reflexes spinal cord
food travels through the body in the ? canal alimentary
scientific name for the shoulder blade scapula
chemicals that regulate many automatic body functions are called hormones
the division of the nervous system that contains the brain and the spinal cord is the ??? central nervous system
what portion of the body contains the most vital organs trunk
what type of tissue is able to conduct impulses through the body nerve
protects the brain cranium
the largest vessels that carry blood away from the heart are called arteries
Cells that carry oxygen through the blood are called red blood cells
connect the kidneys to the bladder ureters
tough membrane that encloses the heart is the pericardium
muscular contractions that push food through the esophagus are called peristalsis
controls balance and muscle coordination cerebellum
concentrates and removes liquid waste urinary
glands that control certain internal body functions endocrine
provides movement for the body muscular
breaks down food digestive
supports the body, protects vital organs skeletal
transports nutrients and oxygen to cells and carries wastes from cells cardiovascular
covers and protects the body integumentary
controls other body systems nervous
provides oxygen and removes carbon dioxide respiratory
layers of skin in order from top to bottom epidermis
subcutaneous layer
muscles that work whether one thinks about it or not involuntary
2 types of fractures simple
two main divisions of the skeleton axial
life begins at conception
air sacs in the lungs are called alveoli
group of organs that function together to do a specific job in the body is system
one of the hormones released by the islets of Langerhans to regulate sugar levels in the body insulin

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