chapter 4

Answer
socialization the process of learning to participate in a group
self-concept an image of yourself as having an identity seperate from other people
looking-glass self an image of yourself based on what you believe others think of you.
significant others those people whose reaction are most important to your self-concept
role taking assuming the viewpoint of another person and using that viewpoint to shape the self concept
imitation stage Mead's first stage in the development of role taking; children begin to imitate behaviors without understanding why
play stage Mead's secind stage in the development of role taking; children act in ways they imagine other people would
game stage Mead's third stage in the development of role taking; children anticipate the actions of others based on social rules
generalized other integrated conception of the norms, values, and beliefs of one's community or society
"me" the part of the self formed through socialization
"I" the part of the self that accounts for unlearned, spontaneous acts
hidden curriculum the informal and unofficial aspects of culture that children are taught in school
peer group set of individuals of roughly the same age and interests
mass media means of communication designed to reach the general population
total institutions places in which people are separated from the rest of society and controlled by officials in charge
desocialization the process of giving up old norms, values, attitudes, and behaviors
resocialization the process of adopting new norms, values, attitudes, and behaviors
anticipatory socialization the voluntary process of preparing to accept new norms, values, attitudes, and behaviors
reference group group whose norms and values are used to guide behavior; group with whom you identify

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