Reivew for the Science Final

Question Answer
A force of the weight a column of air pushing down on an area Air Pressure
Elevtion above sea level Altitude
Used to measure wind speed Anemometer
A colorful, glowing display in the sky Aurora Borealis (Northern Lights)
Used to measure changes in air pressure Barometer
The average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, precipitation, winds, and clouds in an area Climate
The process by which molecules of water vapor in the air become liquid water Condensation
A dry air mass thst forms over land Continental Air Mass
The direct transfer of heat from one substance to another substance that is touching. Conduction
The transfer of heat by the movement of a fluid Convection
The amount of a substance to a given volume Density
A from of energy that can travel through space Electromagnetic Wave
The process by which water molecules in liquid water escape into the air as water vapor Evaporation
A possible answer to a question Hypothesis
A layer of gases that surround the earth Atmosphere
A scientist who studys the causes of weather & try to predict it Meteorologist
A form of oxygen that has three oxygen atoms in each molecule insted of the usual one Ozone
The lowest layer in the atmosphere, where weather occurs Troposphere
Used to measure temperature Thermometer
Used to measure relative humidity Psychrometer
Tells where the wind is coming from Wind Vane
Any form of water that falls from clouds& reach Earth's surface Precipitation
The layer that contains ozone which blocks out UV rays Stratosphere
The layer where meteoroids burn up Mesosphere
The layer split up into two Thermosphere
The sub-layer where the Aurora Borealis happens Ionosphere
The sub-layer where satellites orbit Exosphere
Water that runs off the surface back to lakes Run-off
The direct transfer of heat by electromagnetic waves Radiation
Energy found in the nucleus of an atom Nuclear Energy
Energy found in chemical bonds Chemical Energy
The moving of electrical charges Electrical Energy
The energy every moving object has, associated with the motion or position of an object Mechanical Energy
Potential energy created by the height of an object Gravitational Energy
The change from one energy to another Energy Transformation
the range of all frequencies of electromagnetic radiation, organized by their wave length Electromagnetic Spectrum
A scientist who studies the forces that make
& shape the planet
A theory that pieces of Earth's lithosphere are in constant motion driven by convection currents in the mantle Theory of Plate Tectonics
The process where molten material adds new oceanic crust to the ocean (Mid-Ocean Ridge) Sea-Floor Spreading
The undersea mountain chain where new ocean floor is produced Mid-Ocean Ridge
The process by which oceanic crust sinks beneath a deep-ocean trench & back into the mantle Subduction
A place where oceanic crust bends downward Trench
A boundary where two plates move away from each other Divergent Boundary
A plate boundary where two plates move toward each other Convergent Boundary
A plate boundary where two plates move past each other in opposite direction Transform Boundary
A force that build up the mountains & landforms Constructive Force
A force that slowly wears away mountains & landforms Destructive Force
The thinnest layer of of earth, made of mostly basalt, and granite. Crust
The thickest layer Mantle
The uppermost part of the mantle – rigid/hard Lithosphere
A soft layer in the mantle that can bend like plastic. Where convection currents happen. Asthenosphere
The layer surrounding the inner core, made of liquid iron & nickle Outer Core
The layer that is at the center of the Earth, is a dense ball of iron & nickle Inner Core
The hypothesis that the continents slowly move across Earth's surface Theory of Continental Drift
A vibration that travels through Earth carrying the energy released during an earthquake Seismic Waves
A break on Earth's crust where slabs of rock slip past each other Fault
The point on Earth's surface directly above an earthquake focus Epicenter
The point beneath Earths surface where rock breaks under stress and causes an earthquake Focus
The molten mixture of rock forming substances, gases & water from the mantle Magma
Liquid magma that reaches the surface Lava
A volcano that is unlikely to erupt again Extinct Volcano
A volcano that is erupting or shows signs of erupting Active Volcano
A volcano that does not show signs of erupting in the near future Dormant Volcano
A rock that forms from cooling of molten rock at, or below the surface Igneous Rock
A rock that forms when particles from other rock or the remains of plants & animals are pressed & connected together Sedimentary Rock
A rock that forms from an existing rock that has changed by heat & pressure or chemical reaction Metamorphic Rock
The destructive process in which water or wind loosen particles of landforms Erosion
The process by which sediment settles out of the water or wind that carry it Deposition
The process by which sediments are pressed together under its own weight Compaction
The process by which dissolved minerals crystallize Cementation
The spinning motion of a planet about its axis. Takes 24 hours Rotation
The movement of an object around another object. Takes 365.25 days. Revolution
The Earth's axis is tilted Reason For Seasons
June 21 Summer Solstice
December 21 Winter Solstice
March 20. First day of spring Spring Equinox
September 23 Autumnal Equinox
A description of the solar system in which all planets revolve around the Earth Geocentric Model
A description of the solar system in which all planets revolve around the Sun Heliocentric
The two forces that keep the planets in orbit Gravity & Inertia

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