|acceleration||increase in speed of an object
Example: The growth of the grass has accelerated since last year
|acid rain||rain that has a lot of acid in it which causes damage to plants and animal life
Ex: In the 1980s, acid rain was contaminating lakes and rivers across the Northeast
|adaptation||when an animal or organism changes in order to survive in the environment
Ex: Snakes have adapted to the increase in predators by growing poisonous fangs
|adequate||being good enough (inadequate- not good enough)
Ex: The five foot tall boy was inadequate to play basketball with his seven foot brother
|air mass||a large amount of air that all has the same temperature and amount of moisture
Ex: This cold weather came from an air mass from the North.
|assess||to examine whether something is good, valuable, important, true, correct
Ex: Before you try to sell your car, you should ask an expert to assess its value.
|antibodies||small substances in our body that helps us fight disease|
|atmosphere||the layers of gases that surround the earth. There are different layers in the atmosphere.
Ex: Carbon dioxide stays in the atmosphere for a long time. There is a lack of oxygen in the upper atmosphere so planes need to supply oxygen on the plane.
|atom||the smallest particle of everything
Ex: Its molecule consists of one carbon atom attached to four hydrogen atoms.
|carnivore||an animal that only eats meat|
|climate||the typical weather in a location
Ex: Arizona’s climate is dry.
|Compound||combination of two or more things
Ex: Carbon dioxide is a compound of carbon and oxygen
|conclusion||a result from given information
Ex: I conclude that it is going to rain because of all the dark clouds in the sky.
|condensation||change from a gas to a liquid
Ex: when there is water on the outside of your glass. The air around the glass turns to liquid when it touches the cool glass
|crust||the outer layer of Earth, including Earth’s surface|
|density||how close the particles are in an object|
Ex: A kitty derives from its mother cat
|deplete||greatly decrease something
Ex: Once the kids saw the cookies on the plate, they were depleted
|dominant trait||a trait (such as hair color) that will appear in a baby from the parent|
|erosion||the removing of rock, soil, and sand by wind or water|
|evaluate||to examine something in order to judge if it is correct or important
Ex: I evaluated his homework and concluded that he had copied his friend.
|evaporate||to change from a liquid to a gas|
|evolution||the process of becoming better through a slow change
Ex: It is said we have evolved from monkeys
|fault||a crack in the rock of the earth’s crust. (this a big crack).|
|fossil||the remains or a print of a once alive thing. Can be printed in a rock or be the bones.
Ex: Fossils are very important to scientists who study animals: they're one of the ways we learn about the beasts and critters of the past
|Habitat||the place where an animal or organism usually lives
Ex: : The zoo tried to copy a penguins habitat by making it cold
|herbivore||an animal that eats only plants|
|hormone||a substance added to plants or animals to change it|
|imply||to suggest something without actually stating it|
|infer||to make a good guess based on information given
Ex: : I saw that Molly was giving Jackie a mean look when she was talking to Mark. I infer that Jackie likes Mark.
|nectar||the sugary liquid in flowers|
|organism||a living thing of any size.|
|omnivore||an animal that eats both plants and other animals|
|opinion||a belief that may or may not be true.|
|photosynthesis||the process when green plants take water and carbon dioxide and turn it into food for themselves and oxygen for humans by using energy from the sun.|
|predator||an animal that gets its food by hunting and killing it|
|saturated||the same throughout a substance
Ex: Salt dissolving in water. The salt dissolves in the water and now this combination of salt and water is saturated
|trait||a characteristic of an organism or person which is given from parents.|
|tremors||a small shaking of the ground|
|ultraviolet radiation||the rays from the sun that can seriously damage your skin|
|volume||how much space something takes up|