Section Review 1: A Scientific Method (Vocabulary)

Term Definition
Natural Phenomena Observable facts or events in the world around us.
Hypothesis An educated guess at the solution to your problem.
Five Senses Sight, touch, smell, sound, and taste.
Observations The act of noticing or perceiving.
Dependent (Responding) Variable The factor that is being measured.
Control Variable Other factors in experiment; they are constant.
Experimental Group The group being tested.
Control Group The group that the experimental group will be tested against.
Qualitative Data Observations made with senses.
Research Investigation.
Journal A specialized publication.
Peer Review An article that is scrutinized (reviewed) by anonymous scientists in a similar field (peers).
Inductive Reasoning Allows drawing of observations of specific events or hypothesizing particular events.
Quantitative Data Measurements- expressed as number, or quantified.
Diagram An image that shows the relationships between things.
Table Results of data in which both qualitative and quantitative data can be organized into.
Graph A diagram representing data.
Chart A graph of a dependent variable.
Deductive Reasoning Requiring the use of a general truth to hypothesize particular events.
Scientific Experiment An experiment designed to give measurable results, which support or do not support the hypothesis.
Reproducible A copy, or duplicate, of a scientific experiment.
Variable The factors that affect an experiment, so that meaningful data can be collected.
Independent (Manipulated) Variable Factors that are changed during an experiment.
Conclusion Judgement based on observations and experimentation.
Inference An idea involving the use of the conclusion as starting point in inductive reasoning.
Model Description for a system, theory, or phenomenon based on characteristics and/or properties.
Prediction Forecast of possible results of events.

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