Social Science

Question Answer
Mayan Empire Caribbean Sea
Carthaginian Empire Mediaterrian Sea
Vikings Atlantic Ocean
Turkish Altai Mountains
China, North Korea, South Korea Yellow River
Product Markets firms sell their PRODUCTION of goods and services
Factor Markets Households sell the factors of production (land, labor, capital) that they control
Trees Renewable
Food Crops Renewable
Algae Renewable
Agricultural and forestry byproducts Renewable
Water Renewable
Geothermal Energy Renewable
Wind Renewable
Solar Renewable
Petroleum, Oil Non Renewable
Coal Non Renewable
Natural Gas Non Renewable
Nuclear Energy Non Renewable
Animals Renewable
Ask a question #1 Scientific Method
Do Background research #2 Scientific Method
Construct a Hypothesis #3 Scientific Method
Test Your Hypothesis by Doing an Experiment #4 Scientific Method
Analyze Your Data and Draw a Conclusion #5 Scientific Method
Communicate your results #6 Scientific Method
Greece Modern-Nation State: Citizenship
Nation-State Share a cultural identity
Nation-State Share a common goal
Nation-State Nationalism
Nation-State Many different views on how to achieve the goal
Nation People that want a government
Nation May or may not have state
State Political Unit over a set territory
State Sovereignty
State Rousseau-"Harmony" ownership of land lead to the conflict and social inequality
State Hobbs-"Contract" inequality came to survive among the people
Nation Common grouping… language, religion, heritage
Nation Focus is on the people and the culture
State Organized economy
State Has power of social engineering, such as education
State Has a transportation system for moving goods and people
State Has a government which provides public services and police power
Advantage of Globalization (Nation-State) Resources of different countries are used for producing goods and services they are able to do most efficiently
Advantage of Globalization (Nation-State) Consumers to get much wider variety of products to choose from
Advantage of Globalization (Nation-State) Companies are able to procure input goods and services required at most competitive prices
Advantage of Globalization (Nation-State) Companies get access to much wider markets
Advantage of Globalization (Nation-State) It promotes understanding and goodwill among different countries
Advantage of Globalization (Nation-State) Businesses and investors get much wider opportunities for investment
Advantage of Globalization (Nation-State) Adverse impact of fluctuations in agricultural productions in one area can be reduced by pooling of production of different areas.
Disadvantages of Globalization (Nation-State) Developed countries can stifle development of undeveloped and under-developed countries
Disadvantages of Globalization (Nation-State) Economic depression in on country can trigger adverse reaction across the globe
Disadvantages of Globalization (Nation-State) It can increase spread of communicable diseases
Disadvantages of Globalization (Nation-State) Companies face much greater competition. This can put smaller companies, at a disadvantage as they do not have resources to compete at global scale.
Bureaucratic Government Administration of a government chiefly through bureaus or departments staffed with nonelected officials
Bureaucratic Government Management or administration marked by hierarchical authority among numerous offices and by fixed procedures
Bureaucratic Government An administrative system in which the need or inclination to follow rigid or complex procedures impedes effective action
Democratic Government Government by the people, exercised either directly or through elected representatives
Democratic Government A political or social unit that has such a government
Democratic Government The common people, considered as the primary source of political power
Democratic Government Majority rule
Democratic Government The principles of social equality and respect for the individual within a community.
Fiscal Policy Stabilization
Fiscal Policy Use of public expenditures and taxation powers by the government to change the outcomes of the economy
Fiscal Policy Example: How much and who the government will tax and spend the revenues
Monetary Policy Avails itself of the influence of income and cred available to individuals and firms
Monetary Policy The use of money and credit controls to affect economic outcomes
Monetary Policy Banks, Interest Rates
Fiscal and Monetary Fail… Budget Policy
Protectionist Policies Policy that restricts trade to protect domestic tariffs, quotas
Mexican Agriculture slowdown reforms and US economy
Chaparral (Mediterranean Climate) shrubland vegetation-shrub woodland dominated by hard leaved trees & shrubs that w/stand severe summer aridity
Equal area maps Distort the shape but keep the size… round (globe) to flat (paper)
Savanna a vegetation type characterized by grasses and scattered trees, characteristic of seasonally dry tropical climates
Steppe A vegetation type characterized by relatively short, sparse grasses, found in midlatitude semiarid climates
Boreal Forest An evergreen needleleaf forest characteristic of cold continental climates
Tropical Rain Forest Broadleaf evergreen vegetation characteristic of humid tropical environments
Conflict Theory natural conditions of society are constant change and conflict resulting from class struggles… inequality
Functionalist Theory Social Inequality is reviewed as inevitable because society must use rewards to ensure that essential task are preformed… order and stability=equilibrium
Labeling Theory Deviance is not inherent to an act but instead focuses on tendency of majorities to negatively label minorities or those seen as deviant from standard cultural norms
Social Deviance departure from the social norms
Social Science …Deviance… Socialization
Psychologists …Abnormal… medical
Freud is sexual
Erickson is psycho
Piaget is cognitive
Kohlberg has morals
Freud has 6 steps
Erickson has 8 steps
Piaget has 5 steps
Kohlberg has 3 steps
Anthropology Study of biology and humans=relationships in groups
Economics studies the system in how humans try to survive… who gets what and why
Geography The physical economics
History records of human behavior and relationships
Political Science study of power
Psychology forces that shape and motivate individuals=minds and personality
Natural Selection "Survive" in their environment, Darwin… genes passed on… a reaction to their environment
Oligarchy Rule by a few… oli=few, archy=rule by
Nation-State Sovereignty, Cultural entity, nationalism, central government
Authoritarianism Up to the individual
Totalitarianism Incomplete control
Ottoman Empire Indian Ocean (Middle East)
Fukuyama industrial movements & growth are the key to social interactions
Thurow Fukuyama thought helps but creativity it the KEY changing the old to new brings expansion
Pluralism unity as a nation not on heritage
Sex Biologically Born male or female
Gender what you do according to your cultural and environment
Small-Scale Map Shows more distance of the earth but less details of the area
Large-Scale Map Shows less distance of the earth but more details of the area
Topographical Map Terrain, man made features, pictures, colors, symbols, specific lines… contour lines for elevation
Mercator Map Projections Simplifies
Mercator Map Projections conformal map, grid… lines are longitude and latitude and fits on a page. Used for navigation
Cartograms distorted qualities intentionally… show emphasis on something.
Conformal Map distort the size but shape stays the same
Equal Area Map Explain data… population, density, medical
Equal Area Map Relationship Size… preserve area (Distort the shape but keep the size)
World War 1 demolishing empires leading to more sovereignty and nationalism
Democrat Socialism economy and society should be run democratically to meet public needs… not to make profits for a few
Democratic Capitalism All for $$$
Tundra cold, permafrost, little vegetation; parts of Canada
Ecosystem living organisms; where and what they live in; climate affects ecosystem and affects physical features
Producers Produce food themselves
Consumers Feed on producers and consumer
Decomposers Small organisms that feed, digest, and thrive on dead organisms
Subarctic cold for long periods; lots of snow; blow freezing; Canada Siberia Russia
Ice Caps extremely little rain, permafrost thick, below freezing year round; Artic and Antarctica
Humid Tropical rainy, rainforest, warm and humid, south America Africa
Seasonally Humid specific dry season, extreme rain seasons for months, Himalaya's Mt Kilimanjaro, Tanzania
Desert Extreme Hot, low rainfall; Sahara Egypt Cairo
Semiarid receives enough precipitation sustain vegetation. transitions between desert and humid, long summers, cool season; steppes Western US China
Mediterranean Seasonal percip. cool/rainy and snow for winter. warm and dry summers; Europe Rome Pars of Africa
Full Employment 4.5% low rate of unemployment
Economic Sectors Primary (high paying jobs) high skills
Secondary (lower paying jobs) low skills
Labor Markets Primary (agriculture)
Secondary (industrial)
Tertiary (service)
Free Market Market for profit, entrepreneurs
Nomadic pastoral cultures no farming, animals to pastor and eat
Low population density Low population growth
High population density High population growth but more diseases
Agriculture Food growth lead to high population… or if it was bad death and migration
Inflation demand of product can't be met by it's supply so prices increase causing inflation
Federal Reserve Bank Regulate what banks are doing and money flow; protect the people
Tariff import duty or cost… raise prices, make competitive
Quota limit on amount that comes in… protect domestic industry
Social Diffusion Spreading of something in cultures to other areas… example language
Sedentary Agriculture farmers grow crops year after year in one area… more success constant water flow

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